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Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cures people

Source:Traditional Chinese Folk Medicine Research and Development Association
2018年07月28日

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cures people



2018-07-28 China business network






Fifty-six years of qianlong (1791), the first year of daoguang (in 1821), jingshi twice outbreak of the plague, people die, from spitting flow field more warm disease school in the qing dynasty (since the late Ming dynasty in the south gradually rise, to study such warm disease) as the center of a school representative Tang wu (1758-1836) had the heart of compassion, he open and read books, special "bang", the living. In the eleventh year of daoguang (1831), wu tang had heard about the flood in several provinces in the southeast. Friend fushi yun:



"There are high officials in our village, who are able to see and judge things. When you enter the world, you will be like a child at seventy. The people are sorrowful and tearful. Zeal for retribution for old pain is not the light of life. I have heard three great breaths, and my rank is still thumping.



Illness sometimes hangs over the doctor



Hu tingguang, a physician in the qing dynasty (compiled in the year of jiaqing in the qing dynasty), listed over 1000 prescriptions of various kinds of physiotherapy drugs, said that "the way of medicine is benevolence and skill". "Medicine is benevolence, and medicine is benevolence" is a classic expression of traditional Chinese medicine.



In the qing dynasty, the attention paid to patients was also reflected in the process of diagnosis and treatment. Chen nianzu, a physician in qianjia period (1753-1823), said, "every time you diagnose a disease, you must leave only half a day. He who is in trouble speaks in a tongue that cannot speak. Wang shixiong (1808~1868), on the other hand, "every time you come to a certificate, you can rest your mind and calm your spirit. It can be seen that the diagnosis and treatment of the patient is cautious and careful.



Huang kuan (1829~1878), a doctor of the late qing dynasty, was a patient and enthusiastic person. In the case of serious patients, often end the night, sleep and food are useless. When there are extremely poor people, they also throw away their money and "help the cost of baits". In the autumn of the fourth year of the reign of emperor guangxu (1878), huang guang-hsiang suffered from gangrene on his back. Huang kuan couldn't bear to abandon her mother and son and went to the clinic. "I only lose one life in this play, and a woman who has difficulty in giving birth will lose two lives. Can I regret one life and abandon two?" After huang's return, his illness became worse and worse.



The doctor of qing dynasty has yun: "the disease of the patient depends on the doctor." "Medical man" is not only the position of the doctor, but also the requirement of the doctor in qing dynasty. The famous doctor of traditional Chinese medicine, Chen qiu (1851~1904), said, "diseases are common to human beings, and life hangs in the balance of medicine. A doctor is a matter of life and death. Hsu keqin (c. 1847~?) It is also said that a doctor "must have a good knowledge of the medical way before he can be accepted." It is because "the medical man" is the life of man, "the emperor, the prime minister, the common people, there is life and death", so ancient and modern doctors uphold a consistent sense of responsibility and humanitarian spirit, all emphasize the importance of the medical skill in the specialization. Zhang zhicong, a famous doctor in the early qing dynasty (1616~1674), taught his students:



"The custom of The Times is not the same as that of The Times. All are born to study hard and study hard, so as to avoid the responsibility of quack doctors. If by good fortune, what business is not to be done, but to learn this tribulation! There is no atonement for saving a hundred by killing a punk. It is the duty of a doctor to save people. In many cases, those who are ill are treated lightly.



In zhang zhicong's opinion, practicing medicine must not take a chance and ignore the life of the other person. Only by careful study and exquisite professional medicine can we avoid the mistakes of quack medicine. According to xu da-chun (1693~1771), the imperial physician of qianlong dynasty, the theory of medical practice is to save people's lives. Xu criticized some doctors for not being good at learning and wrong to save people.



Medicine, as a science, is itself a humanistic ideal. Cheng guopeng (1662-1735), a famous doctor, pointed out in his book "medical understanding" : "how can a doctor manage the most complicated medical ways? Yu said, 'sickness is not in the person, but in the person.' Cheng said that it is important for doctors to pay attention not only to diseases, but also to patients themselves. From "medical disease" to "medical man", the humanitarian medical ethics view of doctors in the qing dynasty was based on the premise of respecting and caring for the life and safety of patients, and emphasized that doctors should treat medical undertakings with caution and honor their mission. With the continuous development of the medical concern for the humanitarian relief of the people, the thought of "economic benefit for the people" has been further extended.



The doctor takes care of the world



In the medical practice of dealing with diseases and treating patients in the qing dynasty, the systematic interpretation of "medical doctrine" was gradually formed. In this way, "medical ethics" has developed into a concept of world governance and care beyond medical treatment and even medicine itself.



"Medical ethics" is a kind of wisdom that doctors can learn from later generations when they study heaven and man. The inner scriptures of the yellow emperor repeatedly emphasize the heavenly way, the tunnel, the humanity, the medical way, the consultation way and the treatment way. "Dongming medical way" has become the sincere idea pursued by doctors in the past dynasties. Doctors of the qing dynasty had much to say about this. For example, xu da-chun believed, "a man has medical skills and medical ethics. The art can be temporary, the tao can be handed down for a long time.



"Governing life is governing the world", the medical Taoist view of the qing dynasty, which was put into practice through the ages, reflects that it gradually paid attention to the real world where doctors and patients lived from the humanistic care of patients. In the early qing dynasty, wang ang (1615~1695), a medical scholar, said that medicine was "the most reliable and necessary for daily use in the world", and that "taking the aspiration of the classics and discussing the affairs of the classics", he resolutely abandoned Confucian medicine.



Qi kun, the imperial physician of the kangxi dynasty, studied eight stocks when he was a teenager, and also dabbled in zhuzi bystream. After learning from dai wangzhi, a famous scholar, dai shi studied classics and long medical skills. Governance of life is governance of the world. Qi kun was moved by this, so he abandoned the imperial examination, and worked hard to study medicine. He collected medical books extensively. Both tongjun and lei gong are ministers of the legendary yellow emperor and are good at medicine. The records of tongjun's collection of medicines is said to be the first medical and pharmaceutical book in China and even in the world. Qi kun eventually became a famous doctor.



Wang shixiong, already mentioned in the previous article, was "determined to learn from xuanqi" in his youth (" xuanqi "is said to come from the book of huangdi neijing, xuanyuan is the legendary yellow emperor, and qi bo is the legendary ancient great doctor), and believed that medical practitioners should learn to help the world. During the decades of practicing medicine, there were numerous living people, and people at that time praised him for "the art of transporting him to the world, and he could be handed down to future generations!"



The philosophy of "carrying the tao", applying the classics to the world, and helping the world to save the world has become the common goal pursued by doctors in the qing dynasty. In 1757, in the twenty-seventh year of qianlong (1757), xu da-chun's theory on the origin of medical science was published. Xu pointed out that medical practitioners should revitalize the good law of the combination of medical creation and dimension, not only sharpening the "skill of strangers", but also shouldering the sense of mission of helping the world.



In the special period of internal worries and external troubles, some doctors put their eyes into the real world. They not only perform the duty of treating diseases and saving people, but also dare to hurt old malpractices and contribute their own medicine to the world. For a time, the vision of treating people's diseases and rescuing people from the country became the vision of doctors at that time.



During the jiadao period (1796~1850), opium became very poisonous, which not only seriously harmed the health of the people, but also became a social disease that the government could not get rid of. When it came time to stop smoking, governor Lin zexu of guangdong province asked for a prescription. Doctor he qiwei (1774~1837) combined 18 herbs and herbs to develop the "quit smoking pill". After clinical trials, the drug was stable and effective. Later, it was popularized by Lin zexu, known as "Lin wenzhong's prescription for quitting smoking", and was hailed as a good way to save smokers.



In the thirteenth year of daoguang (1833), he qiwei, after developing the pill, extensively searched the ancient and modern medical books for the treatment of smoking addiction, and compiled the "cure for the addiction", hoping that the users would break away from opium completely. The self-preface says:



"The current wave of opium has spread all over the sea, and people are dying of it. Even though hundreds of millions of people have made great efforts, they are not dying. If I want to live, there is no cure. If the dynasty wants it to live, it will forget to die overnight.



It can be seen that the healer is dedicated to healing people with medical skills, saving time and suffering, and taking the world as his mission. Traditional Chinese medicine has a saying, "to cure the country, to cure people, to cure diseases". In the eyes of the doctors of the qing dynasty, the medical way was not only a good way to end the illness and "protect people's livelihood", but also a good way to cure people's obstinate diseases and treat people's hearts with "remedy the malpractice". In this regard, wang shixiong summed up quite appropriately:



"If the country is governed by a common medical practice, the people who govern it must observe the conditions of the people, and the people who hear the cases must observe the conditions of the prison. He who USES medicine, as a soldier, will look to the enemy, and he who heals will look to the disease. The people win the political and religious affairs, the prison is clear and crooked, the enemy win the right to exercise alone, can be few, can be idle. Of plagues dearths is alive, and plagues can be resisted, and plagues can be linked.









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